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Table 1 Results of the time-series dummy regressions on Egyptian imports and exports of wheat and wheat flour

From: Import vulnerability in the Middle East: effects of the Arab spring on Egyptian wheat trade

  Wheat imports Wheat exports Wheat flour imports Wheat flour exports
Intercept β0 Estimate 485,883 7.7 524 3562
Standard error 50,510 4.4 52 925
p-value <0.01 0.08 <0.01 <0.01
Coefficient β1 Estimate −299,859 18.9 −212 −1014
Standard error 144,343 12.6 149 2643
p-value 0.04 0.13 0.16 0.70
Regression R2 0.08 0.05 0.04 <0.01
Adjusted R2 0.06 0.03 0.02 −0.02
Overall significance (F value) 4.3 2.2 2.0 0.15
Overall significance (p-value) 0.04 0.14 0.16 0.70
Economic significance Average in 2010 (t) 400,973 0 410 8848
Average in 2011 (t) 340,845 21 239 3203
  1. Source: Authors